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Symptoms of an Enlarged Prostate: Understanding the Signs of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Enlarged prostate symptoms are often mistaken for signs of prostate cancer. We’ll take a closer look at the signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate, as well as the indications of other prostate disorders.

What are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?

An enlarged prostate – a disorder known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH for short – is a highly common issue for males over 50. However, symptoms of BPH can be alarming; over time, they can significantly diminish the quality of life and even disguise more serious medical disorders.

While BPH is the leading cause of prostate disorders, infections can also cause an enlarged prostate. Blood in the urine, sometimes a sign of BPH, might also be due to an infection or a potentially serious disorder like kidney disease or cancer.

If you have symptoms of an enlarged prostate, please have a thorough medical evaluation by a specialist immediately.

BPH Signs and Symptoms

BPH symptoms primarily include the following:

Frequent Urination

This is the most commonly seen symptom of an enlarged prostate. Frequent urination in men is often a sign of a prostate disorder. This symptom occurs because the enlarged prostate stresses the urethra, making it harder for urine to flow freely. BPH and frequent urination are extremely common in men over 50.

Weak Urine Flow

BPH can also cause a weak urine flow, where the stream of urine is not as strong as it used to be. This weakness can be attributed to the narrowing of the urethra caused by the enlarged prostate.

Difficulty Starting and Stopping Urination

Another symptom of BPH is difficulty initiating and stopping the flow of urine. The inability to fully manage urination can be frustrating and may require additional effort to fully empty the bladder.

Incomplete Emptying of the Bladder

The enlarged prostate can restrict urine flow, leading to a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder even after urination. 

Dribbling at the End of Urination

BPH can also cause dribbling or leakage of urine at the end of urination. The inability to fully cease urine flow occurs because the enlarged prostate obstructs the urethra, preventing the bladder from fully emptying.

Less common symptoms might involve the following issues:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

In some cases, BPH can increase the risk of UTIs. The stagnant urine in the bladder, caused by the obstruction, provides a breeding ground for bacteria.

Blood in Urine

Although a rare symptom of an enlarged prostate, blood in urine (hematuria) can occur due to BPH. A healthcare professional should evaluate this symptom to rule out other potential causes.

Kidney Damage

If left untreated, BPH can lead to kidney damage. The stagnant urine in the bladder can back up into the kidneys, causing potential complications.

Sexual Dysfunction

BPH can also contribute to sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction and decreased libido. This occurs because the enlarged prostate can compromise the normal functioning of the reproductive system.

Symptoms of an enlarged prostate can mimic those of other disorders, including prostatitis or cancer. Urinary changes are the main enlarged prostate symptoms. Pain, on the other hand, is often a symptom of another underlying disorder.

It is critical to note that not all individuals with BPH will experience all of these symptoms. The intensity and combination of symptoms can vary from person to person. If you have any of these symptoms, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

BPH Vs. Prostate Cancer Symptoms

While prostate cancer and BPH share symptom similarities, they have distinct differences that can help differentiate between the two.

Prostate cancer is a malignant growth that develops in the prostate gland. It is one of the most prevalent cancers in men and can have serious medical repercussions if not diagnosed and treated early.

Some common symptoms of prostate cancer are the same as BPH. These include the following:

However, some symptoms are not related to BPH but are related to prostate cancer. Please seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing the following symptoms:

Georgia Prostate Institute: Trusted Prostate Health Specialists

Georgia Prostate Institute is a leader in providing exceptional care for BPH patients. By prioritizing patient well-being and employing the latest advancements in BPH treatment, the institute strives to enhance the quality of life for patients coping with this condition.

If you are struggling with BPH symptoms, please contact our caring representatives today at 678-915-2000.

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